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Department of Horticulture & Soil Conservation

The Department of Horticulture & Soil Conservation was established in 1978 when the erstwhile Agriculture Department was trifurcated into three entities namely, the Agriculture Department, the Horticulture & Soil Conservation Department and the Command Area Development Authority with the objective of taking up programme implementation for horticulture development and soil & water conservation measures. Over the years, the programmes implemented by the Horticulture & Soil Conservation Department slowly gained importance and popularity among the farmers. Alongside, the higher allocations made to Horticulture Sector in the Central Budgets during VIII, IX and X Plan gave a boost to Horticulture programmes in the State, as elsewhere in the Country. The annual Budget allocation made to the Horticulture & Soil Conservation Department from the State Plan merely meets the requirements of staff salaries, wages of muster roll laborers and other Office expenses leaving no balance to take up developmental activities.
The state has rich resources in terms of land and soil fertility, rain, water, vegetation, etc. and the prevalence of suitable Agro-climatic conditions ranging from temperate to tropical and subtropical zones provide scope for the development of horticulture in the state. Despite these natural advantages, the growth of horticulture in the state has remained lackluster till recently due to the wide gap between the technologies generated and their adoption by the farmers in their fields and orchards. Resources constraint for investment in horticultural activities is another major factor for the lack of development of horticulture in the state. A planned approach towards horticulture development in the state was undertaken a few years back when a survey was conducted in collaboration with the National Horticulture Board to identify potential areas for horticulture development in the state. The survey report indicates that about 2, 77, 064 Ha. constituting 12% of the total geographical area of the state are available for horticulture and allied activities. Out of this potential area, only about 14% has been brought under different horticultural fruits and vegetable crops. However, during the last 2 / 3 years the areas under these crops are being expanded rapidly in all the districts of the state.

Horticulture schemes:

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)
Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana(RKVY)
Mission Organic Value Chain Development for North Eastern Regions (MOVCDNER)

State Plan Schemes:

Establishment of Orchards in hill areas of Manipur
Development of Floriculture
Assistance to small and marginal farmers for increasing agricultural production- land reclamation and development state